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Effects connected with transport

The use of motor vehicles by the A2A Group to carry out its activities and to move its employees by operational and non-operational vehicles is a point of emphasis that sees the Group committed in a series of activities and initiatives designed to reduce the emission of pollutants into the atmosphere and the consumption of fossil fuels.
The A2A Group’s fleet of vehicles consists of more than 2,000 means of transport that operate mainly in the Lombardy municipalities served by the Group and, to a lesser extent, in the other Italian regions where A2A is present. The vehicles are of a commercial, industrial and special nature but there are also those used to carry people. To a large extent the fleet is managed by means of a long-term rental contract (120 months) which in 2011 was renewed in practice by adding vehicles consistent with Euro 5 requirements (both petrol and diesel). A part of these are additionally bifuel vehicles, meaning that they can run on either petrol or methane as a fuel.

E-moving Project

A2A is also giving a significant thrust to sustainability through the e-moving project: this is an experimental initiative that envisages a limited number of electric vehicles (prototypes or pre-serial cars) and charging points. The objectives of the project are as follows:

  • to be present as the network service manager in leading harmonic development of the electricity distribution network and reducing polluting emissions in practical terms;

  • to take part in the study of the issues and opportunities connected with the new service by interacting in a proactive manner with the other parties involved;

  • to put the experience and know-how deriving from a system of sustainable mobility in the city areas at the municipality’s disposal;

  • to provide in the best way possible the information and results required to assess subsequent stages at the end of the testing period.

The pilot stage took off in the cities of Milan and Brescia in June 2010, continued throughout 2011 and will keep going for a part of 2012, setting itself the objective of testing the various components of the electric mobility operating model drawn up by Renault and A2A in partnership: technology and positioning of the recharging infrastructure, processes and commercial solutions connected with the sale or lease of electric vehicles, interaction between the recharging network and the vehicles themselves, supply of electricity for running the vehicles and the linked billing systems, management of batteries and maintenance of the electric vehicles.

 

Comparison between a car driven by an internal combustion engine and an electric car

Comparison between a car driven by an internal combustion engine (Euro 5) and an electric car, a model similar to a utility car. Assuming that the electricity is produced with an Italian energy mix, the total emissions produced by the two cars during their life cycle (considered as a distance of 240,000 km.) are as follows:

  • electric car: total CO2 emissions 20,005 kg. or 83.3 gCO2/km.;

  •  car driven by an internal combustion engine: total CO2 emissions 33,009 kg. or 137.5 gCO2/km..  

There is a reduction of approximately 40% with the electric car. As a result, therefore, an electric car that runs 25 km. a day leads to a saving of 1,355 gm. of CO2 compared to a car driven by an internal combustion engine.

Following the European Commission’s plan for the reduction of polluting emissions, Amsa has adopted ECOGUIDA. This is a driving technique that respects the environment, is safe, comfortable and economical and leads to lower energy consumption. Further information may be found in the caption on page 96.